Quantum computing at scale is expected to revolutionize a wide range of industries, as it has the potential to be exponentially faster than classical computers at specific applications. Both China and the United States have already launched national initiatives for this new paradigm in 2018. Israel announced its own initiative in February, with a $62 million budget.
Israel is also putting its bets on quantum. The Israel Innovation Authority (IIA) has selected Quantum Machines to establish its national Quantum Computing Center. It will house Israel's first fully functional quantum computers for commercial and research use. It will house multiple quantum systems based on different qubit technologies to act as a hotbed for innovation.
Israel's quantum center is based on a control stack based on Quantum Machines.
The Israel National Quantum Initiative has announced that its quantum computers would be based on the Quantum Machines Quantum Orchestration Platform, an integrated control stack called the Pulse Processing Unit, which is designed for flexibility, extensibility, and scalability.
The Centers computers will have a full-stack software and hardware platform capable of running any algorithm out of the box, including quantum error correction and multi-qubit calibration, according to Quantum Machines. The platform will also enable multiple qubit technologies, so that the center does not have to gamble all on one technology that may not be successful, thus minimizing the risk.
Hedging bets are made in a modular, open architecture.
In addition, quantum computers are modular in order to be flexible in order to keep up with the rapid advancements in the field, so that they dont quickly become obsolete. This is necessary because quantum computers become exponentially faster as the number of qubits increases, while the number of qubits itself is anticipated to increase exponentially.
Itamar Sivan, the co-founder and CEO of Quantum Machines, believes that the open-architecture approach they provide will ensure compatibility with the future quantum technologies. These advanced quantum technologies and services will enable Israeli enterprises to gain a leading global position in the field.
Three companies will contribute to the first quantum system that supports three distinct technologies, while the third will provide its quantum photonics-based quantum computing system. There are also partners for the development of quantum applications, services for HPC, and quantum software.
Israel expects the system to be operational in 12 to 18 months with around 50 qubits, but wants to expand the platform to tens of thousands of qubits over time.