One might prefer to have a baby later in life rather than at an early age, but this also may be an individual's choice.
Fresh sperm used in intrauterine insemination (IUI) is more effective than frozen sperm, according to a new study. Though it's a common practice for people who'd like to use or donate their samples, it's still considered a controversial act because patients fear it might harm their sperm. "Patients who are experiencing IUI should be advised on the non-inferiority of frozen sperm," says Dr. Cherouveim.
As a minor setback, ovarian stimulation pre-treatment was referred to as an Ovarian stimulation.
The effectiveness of IUI treatments using fresh and frozen sperm was assessed in this research, including a positive pregnancy test (hCG), clinical pregnancy, and miscarriage rates. On top of that, the type of ovarian stimulation that women received or not received prior to the IUI treatment was also assessed.
The results demonstrated similar pregnancy rates between individuals who used fresh and frozen eggs. Small differences occurred in a sub-group of patients who received oral medication as pre-treatment, although these differences vanished when the study was limited to the first cycle of the treatment. The only persistent difference appeared to be the longer "time-to-pregnancy" in the frozen sperm group.
"Patients should be advised about the non-inferiority of frozen sperm, although certain subgroups may benefit from fresh sperm utilization, and time-to-pregnancy may be shorter with frozen sperm," Dr. Cherouveim said. The majority of frozen samples used in the study are from an anonymous donor, which is prevalent in most fertility clinics.
"Quarantine and screening requirements are in line with safety guidelines and are in place to protect patients. The benefit of their use far outweighs any drawbacks," said the author.