A CDC panel has unanimously approved FDA recommendations that COVID vaccinations from Pfizer and Moderna be given to children as early as six months old.
Vaccination for COVID-19 has been discontinued, according to younger children.
Infants, toddlers, and pre-schoolers may get their first dose early in the week of June 20.
On Saturday, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention approved COVID vaccinations for children as young as 6 months old, backed by recommendations from the US Food and Drug Administration.
A CDC committee unanimously approved emergency use authorization for a two-part Moderna vaccine for children aged 6 months to 5 years, and a three-dose Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine for children aged 6 months to 4 years. (Previously, only a Pfizer vaccine was available to children and only those over 5.)
Parents were encouraged to immunize all eligible children, including those who have already had COVID-19.
Together with science leading the charge, we have made another significant step forward in our nations'' fight against COVID-19, according to CDC Director Dr. Rochelle Walensky. We know that millions of parents and caregivers are eager to get their young children vaccinated, and with today''s decision, they can.
President Joe Biden described Walenskys'' approval as a major step forward in our nations'' fight against the virus, adding that virtually every American is now eligible for immunization.
Here''s what you should know about COVID-19 vaccinations for children, including what age they are approved for, potential side effects, and differences between the two.
How old are kids to be capable of getting a COVID vaccination?
Two COVID vaccinations have been approved in the United States for children aged 6 to 5 months old, according to the CDC. Modernas two dose regimen is for children aged 6 to 5 years old, while the Pfizers vaccine is a three-shot therapy for children aged 6 to 4 years old.
When can younger children start getting vaccinated?
The Biden Administration has ruled out vaccine preordering practices while vaccinations may begin as early as the week of June 20. Pfizer and Moderna''s initial batch of 5 million doses were evenly split.
The availability of vaccines will vary from state to state, but it is also dependent on who vaccine parents will wish to provide their children, as pediatricians, pharmacies, and health clinics may not have the same supply.
A majority of states do not require pharmacists to vaccinate children under the age of 3, therefore parents of infants and toddlers will have to book a pediatric appointment.
At the MinuteClinic location, a CVS spokesperson told NBC News that vaccinations would be administered to children aged 18 months to 4 years old. (You can find the CVS MinuteClinic location near youhere.)
Families in Florida may face additional delays as Gov. Ron DeSantis initially refused to preorder any COVID-19 vaccinations for young children. According to the White House, the state eventually allowed doctors and hospitals to have orders on Friday, though they will receive them later than any other state.
Are the vaccines safe for young children?
The results submitted to the FDA and the CDC are still preliminary, but both agencies believe they are safe and effective.
In a statement, there are a number of steps to ensure safety, including oversight by vaccine advisory groups, the FDA, and vaccine manufacturers. We are fortunate to live in a country where these oversights are in place.
Sude added that children receive lower dosages of vaccines than adults, but that they may utilize powerful antibody therapies with no safety concerns.
What are the side effects?
The hazards that were reported in young children receiving a COVID-19 vaccine include fever, fatigue, and pain at the injection site.
Both vaccinations for younger children produced common, mild side effects, including irritability, sleepiness, fever, fatigue, and pain at the injection site, according to the CDC. In December 2021, more than 8 million doses of the Pfizers vaccine were given to children aged 5 to 11.
In a letter signed by FDA Commissioner Robert Califfsaid that parents of younger children may have confidence in these COVID-19 vaccinations'' safety and effectiveness, and that the agency was attentive in the delivery of the data.
Myocarditis is a rare and often mild side effect linked to the Moderna and Pfizer vaccinations, especially in adolescents and young men aged 12 to 29. (Myocarditis can also occur after infection with COVID-19.)
The CDC claims that only 54 people out of one million aged 12 to 17 diagnosed myocarditis following their second dosage of the Pfizer-BioNTechs vaccination.
Both the trial with younger children indicated no cases of myocarditis, but the FDA said there isn''t enough information to accurately determine the danger.
What is the difference between the Moderna and the Pfizer vaccines?
While both Moderna and Pfizer vaccines have been approved for children, there are still differences between them.
There are several main differences between the two vaccinations, including how they are administered, potential side effects, and proven effectiveness.
Age and dosageThe two-dose therapy developed by AgeModernas is for children aged 6 to 5 years old. Each dose is 25 micrograms, a quarter the rate of success given to adults, with the second dose administered four weeks after the first.
The Pfizers vaccine is a three-shot procedure for children aged 6 to 4 years old. Each dose is only three micrograms, a tenth of the adult version. The first two shots are separated three weeks apart, and the third is administered at least two months after the second.
Side effectsAfter each dose of the Moderna vaccine, 21% to 26% of kids aged 6 months to 5 years developed a fever, more than in adolescents and adults. Fever was less common in the Pfizer study, with a rate greater than expected in 7% of children aged 6 to 23 months after each injection.
In the Moderna study, 72 percent of children aged 3 to 5 years old experienced fatigue, compared to just under 45% of children aged 2 to 4 years old in the Pfizers trial.
EffectivenessThere are two doses of the Moderna vaccine, which are 59 percent effective in preventing infection in children aged 6 to 2 years old, according to the company, and 37% in children aged 2 to 5. The ability to prevent serious illness or hospitalization is expected to be higher.
Pfizer has claimed that its three-dose vaccine would help prevent infection, but that research was conducted on a very small pool of individuals. More information will be released as its vaccination is widely available.
Do kids even need to be vaccinated for COVID?
According to the CDC, children are less likely to experience severe illness than adults. However, some have become extremely sick. The omicron wave was specifically severed on children. Between December 2021 and February 2022, nearly 90% of children 5 to 11 who were hospitalized were unvaccinated.
30% of those children had no medical conditions that would have weakened them.
According to a CDC report in April 2022, 75 percent of children aged 11 and younger showed signs of a previous coronavirus infection, with about one-third becoming newly seropositive since December 2021. However, having antibodies for the virus should not be considered as a guarantee of future infection.
Vaccination remains the most effective strategy to prevent SARS-CoV-2 infections, including hospitalization among children and adults.
Kids 5 to 11 who have COVID-19 have also a higher risk of amultisystem inflammatory syndrome (MIS-C), a rare but potentially serious complication that can include inflammation of the heart, lungs, kidneys, brain, skin, eyes, and other organs.
According to the CDC, more than two million cases of COVID-19 have been reported in children aged 4 to 12 years old or younger in the United States, resulting in 442 fatalities.
Even a mild case of COVID-19 may impede a child''s ability to socialize or attend school, and children may impair the infection to more vulnerable family or community members. According to the CDC, about 75% of children and adolescents have had COVID-19.
When can my kid get a booster?
Most children aged 5 and older are currently eligible for a single booster dosage of the Pfizers COVID-19 vaccine at least five months after their second primary dosage. Immunocompromised children are eligible for their first booster at least three months after their last vaccination.
The FDA approved a second booster for children under the age of 12 and older with the condition of compromised immune systems in March.
Children''s booster doses are only available at locations where the low-dose Pfizer vaccine for children is in stock. Call your pediatrician or local health clinic for a recommendation. Use this vaccination finder link to search for a location near you.
In astatementin May, vaccination with a primary series among this age group has left them vulnerable to severe illness. We must continue to increase the number of children who are protected.
There has not been a consensus on boosters for children under the age of 5.
Do I need to give my child the consent they need to get vaccinated?
Parents are generally required to provide medical treatment to children, including the Pfizers COVID-19 vaccine. This is especially true for young children.
Depending on where you live in the country, there may be a legal precedent for teenagers and other youngsters to request the vaccination without parental permission.
Michelle Fiscus, Tennessee''s vaccination director, was dismissed in August, allegedly in part for sending out a memo revealing the states'' mature minor doctrine, which explained how minors may seek medical treatment without the consent of their parents.
My kid is having allergies.Can they get the vaccination?
Yes, although you may be required to stick around the waiting area so that health care providers may monitor them for (extremely rare) allergic reactions that might occur following a vaccination.
If a child has a history of anaphylaxis or other severe allergies, then the diagnosis time after the injection might be 30 minutes instead of 15, according to Dr. Anne Liu, an infectious disease specialist at Stanford Hospital and Clinics, and the Lucile Packard Childrens Hospital.
According to Liu, children who have been prescribed an EpiPen for any reason should give it to their vaccination appointment.
Children with an allergy to an ingredient in Pfizers COVID-19 should not take it. On the FDA''s fact sheet, you can find a list of ingredients in the Pfizers vaccination for children aged 5 to 11.
Is it possible to get my child a COVID-19 injection as a result of other vaccinations?
When your child goes in for the COVID vaccination, its possible that another vaccination may be given to children aged 6 to 12.
The information contained in this article is for educational and informational purposes only and is not intended as health or medical advice. Always consult with a physician or other qualified health provider about any questions you may have about a medical condition or health objectives.