According to a recent research published in Evolutionary Psychological Science, women show a greater tendency to engage in risky sexual behaviors with more attractive partners, and when they use their own sexuality as a means of mate retention.
Women are more susceptible to discrimination in selecting mates due to their placement in their parental system (i.e., gestation and lactation) whereas men are more likely to engage in causal sexual opportunities, while women are less likely to seek sex outside committed relationships.
Women''s mate preferences differ for long-term partners. Women have a preference for men who demonstrate resource acquisition potential, and men who have positive traits, such as maturity and kindness. Women have a stronger preference for quantitative symmetry, symmetry, and dominance these traits indicate genetic stability, which may assist offspring. Traits such as bilateral symmetria and masculinity are also linked to immunocompetence.
Women have an increase in their preference for immunocompetence in short-term relationships in the late-follicular phase of the menstrual cycle (i.e., when a woman is fertile). Women have shown positive results for men who have masculine and symmetrical traits, and are more attracted to dominance, closer to ovulation.
Women are more sexually motivated and active when conception is more probable, according to research. It is likely that this relationship is dependent on fitness indicators (i.e., putative doses to immunocompetence) of women''s partners.
Sexual risk-taking is a common phenomenon, with women reporting greater willingness to risk pregnancy with physically attractive men, men who demonstrate commitment, good financial prospects, and moderate to high social status.
The present study was intended to provide a preliminary investigation into factors that predicted unintended pregnancy among committed romantic couples. Sexual risk-taking was defined as behaviors that could lead to pregnancy or a sexually transmitted infection.
The mean age of 204 participants was 20.7, while the average relationship length was 25.2 months. Participation was limited to individuals who had been in a heterosexual, sexually involved relationship for at least three months, including women between the ages of 18 and 35 (to increase the number of women who could become pregnant), who were naturally cycling.
Participants partners could not have used a vasectomy or be on any medications related to infertility. Women who had given birth in the previous 9 months, or were pregnant or breast-feeding had no participation, as these factors could affect ovulation. These exclusion criteria also increased the likelihood that couples were all reproductively capable.
Participants completed a variety of random studies examining participants'' sexual lives, menstrual cycles, sexual risk-taking, relationship satisfaction, and partner quality. This study uncovered the potential flaws of religiosity, relationships, and sexual orientation.
Women expressed interest in risky sexual behaviors with attractive partners, and when they utilized sexual inducement as a strategy to maintain their partner. This suggests sexual risk-taking functions as a mate-retention strategy to enhance their relationship satisfaction. Women who were more socially dominant were more likely to engage in conception-risking behaviors and would be less upset by an unplanned pregnancy.
At the time of participants'' last sexual encounter, conception risk-taking was positively associated with their partners dominance; however, this finding was not statistically significant, thus, the authors caution it should be interpreted cautiously.
Women of higher religiosity, those who took less social risks, and those with partners of higher masculinity were more likely to carry an intended pregnancy to term. Despite all participants indicating that they were not intending to become pregnant during their last sexual encounter, 119 of 204 participants reported engaging in at least one activity that increased their risk of becoming pregnant during their last sexual encounter. Additionally, fertility status did not suggest initiating sex, sexual risk-taking, or relationship satisfaction.
Participants estimated their menstrual cycle phase; often women do not provide the appropriate cycle length, especially at the end of their cycle. Moreover, the broad spectrum of possible sexual risk-taking behaviors that might increase the risk of unintended pregnancy were neglected.
Results provide some help to other work demonstrating that women''s sexual orientations, preferences, motivations, and cognitions are largely conditional on the perceived genetic quality of their long-term partners.
Sylis Claire A. Nicolas and Lisa L. M. Welling contributed to the research, which claims to be a preliminary investigation into women''s sexual risktaking that might lead to unplanned pregnancy.