Corals might be able to survive climate change thanks to multinational ocean sanctuaries

Corals might be able to survive climate change thanks to multinational ocean sanctuaries ...

In the following 20 years, alarming studies predict that around 70% to 90% of coral reef habitats may vanish from our oceans due to climate change and pollution. These natural habitats are vital to the planet''s biodiversity and must be protected at all costs.

Recursions to protecting coral reefs are enticing

According to a recent research by Florida Tech, researchers have developed quite innovative methods to save the corals, including adding 3D-printed structures to the seas. Now, they recommend that multinational networks of protected reefs have the best chance corals have to survive the harmful consequences of climate change.

While traditional marine reserves were commonly designed to avoid over-harvesting, the research suggests the establishment of networks of massive mesoscale multinational sanctuaries, according to Rob van Woesik, professor and director of the Institute for Global Ecology. Both coral reef habitats and genetic diversity must be conserved.

There are several examples of such large multi-national areas on land, and we must make similar actions in the ocean, according to post-doctoral researcher Tom Shlesinge.

A need for international collaborations

BothShlesinger andvan Woesik are from Florida Tech. The researchers conducted the new research with the assistance of 26 experts from all over the world. The result study underscored the need for international collaborations to address the ever-emerging coral reefs issue.

Innovative, interdisciplinary solutions and innovative molecular methods will aid in resolving issues related to thermal stress, and can, therefore, improve the identification of corals best suited for restoration efforts," said Van Woesik.

The researcher argued that the best way to safeguard the coral reefs is by reducing greenhouse gas emissions, a new goal that many organizations have been working on. The study was published in the journal Global Change Biology.

Abstract:

In order to keep corals at bay, mass coral bleaching and mortality have emerged as ubiquitous responses to ocean warming, and this epiphenomenon aims to develop analytical approaches that can be adapted to fit the environments criteria. Taking a holistic approach across biological and spatial scales, for example, is putting together significant data and methods to assist with decision-making and conservation efforts. Together, multinational corporations may be the best chance corals to persist through climate change, while humanity struggles to reduce greenhouse gases.

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