A new study conducted by the National University of Singapore Business School has identified the locations of nine key leadership factors. This allows researchers to look at genetic interactions between holding a leadership position and physical and mental health and well-being, shedding new light on occupational health.
According to Associate Professor Song Zhaoli of the Department of Management & Organisation, the study has further examined the biological processes of leadership. Since the late 1980s, research on twins has shown that differences in human genetic composition-up represent 30% of differences in whether they be leaders. Today we have expanded our focus to discover the genetic variants that may be found in leaders and their connection to the organization.
Genomic studies have evolved as one of the most significant forms of biomedicine, which has resulted in exciting findings and implications in medicine and healthcare. Our research investigates the human genome, occupation, and well-being. The findings reveal the biological basis of leadership and suggest a connection between occupational achievement and well-being.
Leadership and health
The research reveals whether being a leader is beneficial for their health.
Positive genetic links between leadership position and better well-being and health indicators have been discovered by researchers, including high levels of subjective well-being, low anxiety and depression.
Prof. Song of Assoc said that being a leader implies having more resources, such as a greater sense of control and a higher salary, that usually result in improved well-being. We generally will observe that leaders tend to have a better well-being than non-leaders. However, leaders tend to also experience increased work pressure and chronic stress that are linked to diseases.
Several studies have found that leadership positions are more likely to have bipolar disorder, while others have found evidence of such a relationship, according to Assoc Prof Song. Genetic analysis also shows relationships between leadership position and lower well-being, such as higher body mass index and reduced longevity after controlling income. Leading a team is a difficult and stressful task, which also has negative health implications. Using genome analyses, we can re-examine the significance of leadership''s hidden side effects on health.
On 14 March, researchers from Duke-NUS Medical School and the Chinese University of Hong Kong were part of the group. The study was published in the journalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS).
Researchers gathered genetic and occupational information from over 280,000 European ancestry individuals from the United Kingdom (UK) Biobank, the largest public genetic and health database globally, and the United States Occupational Information Network. They also consulted on the UK Standard Occupation Classification and the United States Occupational Information Network for information on leadership roles and demands.
The authors do not believe that genes influence everything. On the one hand, it appears difficult to assert that there is the leadership gene(s) because leadership is a very complex phenomenon that may be affected by tens of thousands of genes, each of which has a very limited effect. On the other hand, environmental influences such as family and organisational situations may influence or moderate the effects of genes. Assoc Prof Song believes, both nature and nurture are important for leadership.
Occupation is vital to ones well-being. As this research claims, being a leader is a double-edged sword to their health. In order to maintain a healthy lifestyle, those who are in top positions must be more conscientious.
Next, the research team intends to conduct whole-general research on Asian populations.