Intogenuity Makes a Trip to See Debris Left by Perseverance's Landing on Mars

Intogenuity Makes a Trip to See Debris Left by Perseverance's Landing on Mars ...

It''s possible that this month, the Perseverance rover discovered its parachute and backshell off in the distance. This is the equipment that safely brought the rover to Mars surface on 18 February 2021.

Ingenuity helicopter was able to capture better shots of those items while it was hovering in the Martian air during its 26th flight.

What a mess! The weak backshell splintered at the surface, breaking into pieces.

The backshell, the white, shattered flying-saucer-looking material, would have impacted the surface at least 126 kph/78 mph, according to NASA.

The parachute is also seen in the photos, along with the 80 high-strength suspension lines that link the backshell to the parachute.

This parachute was the most widespread ever used on Mars (Perseverance is the largest rover to date). The orange-and-white parachute dimensions are 21.5 meters (70.5 feet) wide.

As part of the entry, descent, and landing (EDL) on Mars otherwise known as the "Seven Minutes of Terror," these items were critical to bring Perseverance safely to the surface.

During those seven minutes, the incoming spacecraft carrying the rover enters Mars'' atmosphere at around 20,000 kph (12,500 mph), bringing extreme gravitational forces and high temperatures.

The heat shield-covered backshell slows the spacecraft to 1,600 kph (1,000 mph) thanks to atmospheric resistance (and using small thrusters to keep the lander on target).

The supersonic parachute is able to be lifted enough to where the backshell and parachute are jetted, at a distance of 2.1 km, 1.3 miles in altitude, making it possible to hover a hovering rocket stage called the Sky Crane to gently lower the rover to the surface.

(NASA/JPL-Caltech)

These seven minutes are quick-paced and stressful because everything must happen automatically, without the need for additional work from engineers on the planet.

Because it can inform NASA engineers on how well these components of hardware worked, giving valuable insights for future missions, these items are perfect.

Ingenuity''s 26th flight on 19 April 2022 provides the perspective engineers needed. In total, Ingenuity took ten aerial photographs of the debris field.

One of the future scheduled missions that will benefit most from these images is the future Mars Sample Return Lander, which is part of a multi-mission program that would bring Perseverance''s samples of Martian rocks, atmosphere, and sediment back to Earth for more detail analysis.

Engineers for this task requested these photographs in the Tate Beanies.

In a press release, the National Aeronautics Agency (NASA) retaliated for its aircraft to perform pioneering aircraft such as this.

"Every time we''re airborne, Ingenuity covers new ground and provides a perspective no previous planetary mission could achieve. "As shown in Mars, the request for reconnaissance is a perfect illustration of the utility of aerial cameras on Mars."

The following weeks of study will be required for a final judgment, according to NASA.

"Perseverance had the finest-documented Mars landing in history, with cameras demonstrating everything from parachute inflation to touchdown," says JPL''s Ian Clark, the former Perseverance systems engineer and the now Mars Sample Return ascent phase lead.

"But Ingenuity''s images give a different perspective. If they either reinforce that our systems worked as we believed they would or provide even one dataset of engineering information we can use for Mars Sample Return planning, it will be incredible. Even if not, the pictures are still impressive and inspiring."

This article was originally published by Universe Today. Read the original article.

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