Creepy tomb of the Shang dynasty found In China
Chinese archaeologists excavating in Henan province found a large number of tombs and sacrificial burials Dating from the late Shang dynasty (1600-1046 BC).
According to China Daily, the discovery was made in the Central part of the country. Many graves of the late period of the Shang dynasty was discovered during excavations at the archaeological site Caijuan in the city Ziwani.
The tombs of the upper class have yet to be studied in detail. But the researchers have analyzed more than simple graves, which testify to the existence of rather cruel burial rites.
So, archaeologists have unearthed a sacrificial pit that contained human remains. He was buried on his knees with his arms crossed over his chest. This man was facing North. He was probably decapitated in the pit. His posture suggests that he was sacrificed, perhaps with his consent.
It is possible that this person was a servant of a nobleman and, according to the beliefs of that period, voluntarily went to the afterlife to accompany his master. It is known from written sources that the practice of sacrificing people and animals in specially dug pits was quite common in ancient China.
In this case, next to the remains of the victim, scientists found several human bones, the so-called Oracle bones, which were marked with various signs.
One of them shows the hieroglyph "Kan." It denoted a specific method of sacrifice: the sacrifice of people or livestock in pits. Also, scholars know such hieroglyphs as "she," "Shi" and "Tang," which during the Shang dynasty were used to describe various sacrificial rituals.
The inscriptions on the bones of the Oracle are known as"Jiaguwen". They are a form of ancient Chinese. These texts were mostly written on turtle shells and animal bones. They are a primitive form of Chinese characters. At the same time, they are the earliest fully formed hieroglyphs found in China.
Researchers note that previously in the sacrificial pits did not find the remains of people sacrificed on their knees. All these people were buried in a recumbent position. However, the use of the "Kang" character indicates that vertical burials were widely practiced during the Shang dynasty.
We will add that during the excavations, archaeologists also found ancient pits with ash, roads, the remains of houses and a whole set of relics, including ceramics, stone products, bones, shells, and jade.