Why the Libyan elections collapsed and what comes next

Why the Libyan elections collapsed and what comes next ...

TUNIS, Dec 22 - Libya said on Wednesday that its planned elections won't take place, but not yet released a date, not yet on plans to move forward, so that it won't return to conflict.

This shows the first and last points that are crucial for this.

How did you get here?

Following the 2011 revolt against Muammar Gaddafi, Libya fell into a split in 2014 between warring eastern and western factions. The peace process began after the collapse of the second attack of the eastern commander Khalifa Haftar for 14 months against Tripoli in 2020.

Haftar's LNA holds eastern and southern areas, while western areas like Tripoli are in control by armed forces that backed the government there.

The United Nations held talks on a year ago between delegates and factions and to move forward. They agreed on the constitution of a single government that would control our country until the presidential and parliament elections.


A rival faction and the potential candidates of Libya's old institutions didn't agree on the agenda of the elections, including the schedule and the powers of the new president or parliament.

The speaker of Parliament, Aguila Saleh, who's the presidential candidate, issued a law that set a first round of the presidential election for Dec. 24 with a second round run-off and the parliamentary election to go after.

If the presidential vote weren't put first, the election had no longer been at all predictable.

Other political institutions rejected the law, accusing Saleh of passing it without proper parliamentary process.

However, Saleh's law is the basis of the electoral process. Eventually, the dispute over the dispute over it grew larger, in spite of disproportional candidates entering the contest.

Whose are the PRIVATES?

The 98-strong population of applicants registered for the presidential race - including those who nudgeted some a lot on the streets of the country or in front of powerful troops.

The jury in 2010 heard that he was charged with war crimes when he took over the dictator's father Muammar Gaddafi in 2011 in absentia, but not in absentia.

The eastern commander of the Libyan National Army led a devastating 11-month offensive against Tripoli, is rejected as a possible president by armed factions and many people in the west.

Abdulhamid al-Dbeibah promised not to go to the poll when he was elected. Other candidates say his presence on the ballot is unjust.

Without a clear agreement on the rules, and not on who will enforce them or litigate disputes, the electoral commission, the parliament's election committee, and the fragmented judiciary could not agree a final list of eligible candidates.


Most of Libya is controlled by armies with whom rival candidates are backed and without exhaustive independent monitoring, there could be claims of fraud or voter intimidation.

Two incidents last month revealed the risks: the fighters closed a court, allowing his lawyers to make an appeal against his disqualification. And the electoral commission said fighters raided several of its offices, stealing votes.

The negotiations over a disputed result could quickly break the peace process, which was followed by the 2014 election when warring factions supported rival administrations.

What's going on with them?

The electoral commission has suggested a one-month delay, but the parliament can seek a longer one. The candidates' alliance is longing to decide on the right to pursue the negotiations between the political institutions and the foreign powers.

We could have a long time to fix the problems that derailed Friday's vote, but it could take a while to fix the issues, and raise questioning whether the interim government would remain in place.

The future of Dbeibah and his government over the next year has become one of the biggest issues of a division of rivals.


The risk of conflicts with the Dbeibah administration in Tripoli falls apart after the peace process. However, analysts don't think it's too late for now.

A political crisis could fuel local dispute between rival armed groups that have mobilised in western Libya in recent weeks. This leads to a new outbreak of fighting within the capital.

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