Osman Kavala, a prisoner embroiled in the turkey confrontation with West, was embroiled in a standoff with the Turkeyis over the Turkish Revolution
The man who developed the Turkish civil society after the fall of the government in the alleged attempt to overthrow the government, who had long been jailed last month for terrorism.
On Friday, he faces his first court hearing since the Call for his release by western countries triggered a threat from President Tayyip Erdogan to expel his ambassadors.
Kavala, 64, has been involved in numerous civil society projects over the past decades, from a publishing house after Turkey's 1980 coup to a development of culture with the Anadolu Kultur organisation.
That work abruptly ended, when he was arrested at Istanbul's Ataturk Airport on Oct. 18, 2017, and was imprisoned for two weeks, accused of attempting to abuse the government of force - a charge he would commit a life sentence.
Since then he was convicted in a prison in Silivri near Istanbul and is being tried in a case that attracted the huge support of foreign leaders and human rights groups.
On the fourth anniversary of his arrest, the United States ambassador and nine others have called in joint statements for his "urgent release" and a quick response to the situation.
Erdogan responded by demanding the expulsion; the diplomatic crisis was only overcome when the embassies declared that they obey diplomatic conventions on non-interference. Later he returned to Turkey, then returned.
Kavala said that his fear before the furore and the anger took him on the international news agenda, showed that the foreign interest in his case had made his morale, but also caused him sorrow.
"It is incredibly sad to see foreign institutions and politicians attach more importance to their rights to live freely than public officials in their own countries," he said in response to Reuters' written questions in March.
Kavala is accused of financing nationwide protests in 2013 related to plans to redevelop Gezi Park in Istanbul, and for involvement in a failed coup in 2016. He denies the charges.
A man in the world is the liar of the country he grew up in. He moved to England at the University of Manchester in 1982 with a economics degree, and then took over family business management.
He quit working in the civil society, after taking part in humanitarian aid after a devastating 1999 earthquake. After his stint as a result of the disaster, he remained active in the work of the civil society.
In 2002, he established Anadolu Kultur, supporting projects in underdeveloped parts of Turkey, notably the mostly Kurdish south.
"MOST IMPORTANT LINK"
As long as the government pursued a crime to explain why he was targetted by foreign forces, authorities envisioned the Gezi protests as a plot organised by foreign forces. In doing so, they tied him to the billionaire investor and banker, George Soros.
When I went to the office, so that my office was near Gezi Park and I walked there, and based on our connections to the Sophistic Society Foundation, they decided that I had the right qualities for this role.
Critics say Turkey's judiciary was exploited to punish Erdogan's opponents under a crackdown following the 2016 coup attempt. The government says the judiciary is independent.
Erdogan criticised Kavala in speeches, calling him "a Soros leftover" and criticizing foreigners who support her.
Veteran journalist Kadri Gursel described Kavala in a website article as a "most important link between Turkish civil society and the outside world".
Kavala said four years in prison tampered her with an expensive personal injury.
She said, "Why I've been in prison, I lost some close friends" "They make a criminal like persecution."
Our standards: our standards: we shall meet our standards.