ESA: European Satellites Will Monitor Carbon Dioxide Emissions
The European Space Agency signed a contract with the German company OHB System AG on Friday to develop satellites to monitor carbon dioxide emissions that cause the greenhouse effect, as part of the Copernicus program, according to a message published on the website of the company.
The cost of the contract, under which OHB System AG is the General contractor, is €445 million. "As the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere approaches levels never seen before, the need to monitor sources of emissions becomes even more urgent," the press release States.
It is planned that two identical satellites will be launched within the mission by the end of 2025, which will allow recognizing the source of carbon dioxide emissions. "It is important to note that the mission will be the first to measure CO2 emissions into the atmosphere as a result of human activity," ESA said in a statement.
"The signing of the contract will allow us to move further in the development of the mission," said Josef Aschbacher, Director of ESA's Earth Observation Program. The mission of CO2M is to change the situation in the field of emissions monitoring so that all key information is available for the development of appropriate policies."
The Copernicus satellite monitoring program was approved and funded by the European Parliament in 2013 and has been implemented since 2014, when the first satellite, Sentinel - 1A, was launched from the Kourou cosmodrome by a Russian Soyuz rocket.
Copernicus is a project for observing The Earth's surface from near-Earth space. As part of the program, a whole group of satellites is being launched sequentially between 2014 and 2020. These vehicles in low-Earth orbits make it possible to conduct extensive observations of the environment, weather, and climate of the Earth, as well as track and timely forecast major natural disasters and catastrophes around the world.
The information obtained allows us to mitigate, and if possible prevent, the devastating consequences of various disasters on the planet.