NASA Called Incorrect Reports About The US Reluctance To Include Russia In The Agreement On The Moon
Reports that the United States does not want Russia to participate in the proposed agreement on the development of the moon by Washington were incorrect. This was stated on Friday, in response to a question from a TASS correspondent at a briefing for foreign journalists, acting Deputy Director of NASA for international relations Michael gold.
"I think it's unfortunate that there were a lot of leaks in the media that didn't reflect correctly what the Artemis Accords are, so I'm not surprised by some of the reactions [from Russia]. To be honest, if I were in their place, I would probably react the same way, given the information that was provided," he said in response to a request for comment on the reports of Reuters, which previously quoted sources as saying that the United States is preparing an international agreement on the extraction of resources on the moon without the participation of Russia.
The representative of NASA answered in the affirmative to a question from a TASS correspondent about whether the US considers Russia as a partner in the development of the moon and whether Moscow can expect to conclude a Treaty with Washington within the framework of the" Artemis Agreements," if it has such a desire. "Yes, in many respects, Russia has already done this. As you know, Russia is a signatory to the outer space Treaty [of 1967]," he said. "Therefore, I very much hope that now that we have told and described what these agreements are based on the principles of the outer space Treaty, Russia will be able to closely study this [agreement]," gold said.
Russia's participation in the creation of the Gateway lunar station together with the United States may be the first step towards concluding an agreement between Moscow and Washington within the framework of the Artemis Accords proposed by the American side for the development of the moon, gold said.
"If we pay attention to cooperation with Russia in the framework of the Artemis program, I expect a lot from this. It can be built around the Gateway project this may be the first step towards concluding the Artemis Agreements because Russia has already expressed interest in participating in the Gateway program," he said.
"There is nothing in the agreements, as we hope, that Russia could object to," the acting Deputy Director of NASA is convinced.
On Friday, NASA presented the basic principles on which the proposed international agreement on the development of the moon will be based. The Artemis Agreements, named after the American lunar program Artemis, will be a series of bilateral agreements between the United States and partner countries. It is emphasized that the principles of the 1967 outer space Treaty will be largely taken as the basis. Among the listed principles, NASA named provisions on the extraction of resources on the moon and the idea of creating so-called security zones that should prevent "malicious interference."
Earlier, Reuters, citing its sources, reported that the US administration is preparing a draft of a new international agreement on the extraction of resources on the moon, to which Washington intends to involve countries such as Canada, Japan, EU States, as well as the United Arab Emirates. At the same time, according to this information, Russia will not be among the partners at the initial stage, including because of the position of the Pentagon, which allegedly opposes Moscow's involvement in the project, because it is concerned about "threatening" maneuvers of Russian satellites.
As stated earlier, the press Secretary of the Russian President Dmitry Peskov, the proposed US draft agreement on the extraction of resources on the moon requires deep analysis from the point of view of international legislation. He added that he is not yet ready to give a direct assessment of this project.
In turn, the Director-General of Roscosmos Dmitry Rogozin after the publication of the Reuters Agency compared the US plan for mining on the moon with the American invasion of Iraq. According to him, in this situation, the same principle can be traced, when a "coalition of willing" is created, and then actions are taken, "bypassing the UN and even NATO."
The United States has previously proposed the concept of the Gateway lunar station, which will be a transfer point for missions to the earth's natural satellite and deep space. The United States offered international partners on the ISS to participate in the creation of the lunar station. In particular, NASA sent a Memorandum to Roscosmos with the station project and outlining opportunities for interaction under this program.
Roscosmos CEO Dmitry Rogozin said in an interview with TASS that the state Corporation has not yet made a final decision on participating in the American project to create the Gateway lunar station. Before that, he noted that the Russian side is ready to participate in the project only on equal terms with NASA. In turn, Deputy Director-General of the state Corporation for international cooperation Sergey Savelyev told TASS that Roscosmos is ready to cooperate with NASA on the Gateway program after the completion of tests of a promising space manned ship and a superheavy rocket, at least providing a backup means of support and rescue of the crew.