Since 2018, a new subclass of supernovae has surfaced – "cows" (cow). The object was discovered by the NuSTAR orbital X-ray telescope and bore the serial number AT2018cow. Coincidentally, at the time of its discovery, the object itself proved to be so unique that all subsequent discoveries of the same supernovae were named "cows."
Supernova AT2018cow's team of astrophysicists from the University of Sheffield in the United Kingdom has examined data from numerous wavelengths, with a focus on estimating their polarization, according to the generally accepted theory of stellar evolution.
This spherical phenomenon is so unsolved that it is difficult to explain it adequately, especially when combined with the fact that the AT2018cow flare and its associated processes (brightness, temperature, and long afterglow) were approximately three times more powerful than previous supernova explosions.
The "flat" explosion of the AT2018cow supernova may be explained by either the star's neutron star or black hole that exploded before the explosion – falling on the nucleus or into a hole of matter. All new "cows" exploded "balls."
"We've learned a lot about the FBOT explosions," said lead author Astrophysicist Justin Maund.
The discovery of such an anomaly is a challenge to terrestrial science and an opportunity to take a step in a different direction. Faith Rubin with a huge matrix. This survey telescope will be able to capture many transient events, including the search for supernovae and “cows” in particular, and this time is not far away.
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