The Cartwheel Galaxy from Webb's Near-Infrared Camera (NIRCam) and Mid-Infrared Instrument (MIRI) is shown in the Sculptor constellation. It is formed as a result of a collision between a large spiral galaxy and a smaller one. Here, it is flanked by two smaller companion galaxies against a backdrop of many others.
NASA claims that the bright center contains huge amounts of hot dust, and that the brightest areas are young star clusters. The outer ring of the galaxy has been expanding for about 440 million years and is roughly 1.5 times the size of our own Milky Way galaxy.
The Hubble Space Telescope observes the Cartwheel Galaxy.
The Cartwheel Galaxy was previously photographed using the Hubble Space Telescope. Data from that observation was reprocessed in 2010 to reveal more detail, but it still pales in comparison to what Webb was able to see with its cutting-edge equipment.
The blue, orange, and yellow colors in the composite represent elements from the National Institute of Physics. The individual blue dots represent stars or pockets of star formation, while the shades of red from the MIRI reveal areas that are rich in hydrocarbons and other chemical compounds, like silicate dust. These areas are the center of gravity's spiraling "skeleton" spokes.
The first batch of Webb images included a look at the Southern Ring Nebula, Stephan's Quintet, the Carina Nebula, spectrum data from a massive exoplanet, and a stunning deep field observation.
Webb's recent observation provides further proof that the universe is in a transitory stage and will continue to develop in the future.