A research identifies areas of American conservatism that are associated with negative bias and life satisfaction

A research identifies areas of American conservatism that are associated with negative bias and life ...

Are politically conservative people happier than politically liberal people? Libertarian tendencies may be related to well-being, but moral traditionalism and ethnic separation are linked to negative prejudice.

Previous research has shown that conservatives are more likely to exhibit stronger negativity bias but are also more likely to report higher levels of happiness and happiness than their liberal counterparts. This study aims to understand the mechanisms that make up conservatism and how they are linked to these seemingly contradictory findings.

We sought to know whether or not certain attitudes contribute to conservative ideology, and whether such factors have special relationships with politically relevant variables, but also to important outcome variables that aren't part of politics per se: subjective well-being and negativity bias, according to study authors.

For Study One, 1,370 North American participants were recruited through Amazons Mechanical Turk. Participants in this study completed assessments on political attitude, demographics, religiosity, well-being, and fiscal and social conservatism.

Results demonstrate that libertarian independence, a concept that supports reducing government funding for welfare programs, is associated with greater life satisfaction. This is thought to be because people who are high in libertarian independence are not concerned by wealth disparities, and have high levels of self-reported autonomy, which are associated with happiness.

Participants who are libertarian are more likely to be concerned about dangers to their social status, whereas those who are more protective of their status are less concerned about contamination dangers and have higher levels of disgust sensitivity. Ethnic separation, which includes disapproval of immigrants and interracial relationships, was moderately associated with decreased life satisfaction.

This research took significant steps towards understanding the subtleties of conservatism, but there are some flaws to note. Firstly, there is a significant overlap between fiscal and social conservatism, and it is difficult to categorize items squarely as one or the other. Additionally, these distinct aspects of American conservatism may not be applicable to conservatism as a whole.

Xiaowen Xu, Caitlin M. Burton, and Jason E. Plaks coauthored the study, Three Dimensions of American Conservative Political Orientation Differentially Predict Negative Bias and Satisfaction With Life.

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